Overy, a professor of modern European history at the University of London, argues that 'there has always seemed Why the Allies Won. by Richard Overy. Richard Overy. The Allied victory in - though comprehensive - was far from inevitable. By almost the entire resources of continental Europe were in German hands and Japan had wiped out the western colonial presence in Asia. Democracy appeared to have had its day. Mr. Overy was able to thoroughly explain why the Allies won. The reasons are manifold; we can point out some of them. - The Allies were able to wear down the Luftwaffe and thus achieve air superiority. - The Allies were able to keep the Germans guessing where the invasion force would land on continental Europe.


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Un paese con una industria, all'epoca, di piccole dimensioni di parecchio inferiore a quella italiana, per dire che riesce con la pura forza di un esercito disciplinatissimo oltre i limiti del fanatismo e di una sola forza armata su tre la marina di idonee dimensioni, a fagocitare letteralmente tutta l'Asia del Sud-Est.


Resta il fatto, come Overy nota molto bene, che alla fine l'unico vero e assoluto vincitore della guerra furono gli USA, che si rivelarono per quello why the allies won richard overy sono ancora oggi: Credo che noi europei occidentali dovremo dire mille volte grazie ai russi.

E ringraziamo pure gli americani, di cui siamo certamente obbeddienti e proni vassalli, per la settantennale pace che hanno finora assicurato in Europa loro e esclusivamente loro, via NATO. Having lost four million men and tens of thousands of tanks and aircraft in the first six months of fighting, the Soviet Union was able to relocate its industrial base to the east, intensify its industrial production, why the allies won richard overy defeat the German forces at Stalingrad and Kursk.

This was the turning point, the victory of one authoritarian system over another.

BBC - History - World Wars: World War Two: How the Allies Won

Overy also explores the deeper factors affecting military success and failure: This gap in fighting effectiveness helps to explain the decision taken in Washington to focus a good deal of the American effort why the allies won richard overy the building up of a massive air power.

Roosevelt saw air strategy as a key to future war and a why the allies won richard overy to reduce American casualties. At his encouragement the Army Air Forces were able to build up an air force that came to dwarf those of Germany and Japan. At the centre of the strategy was a commitment to strategic bombing, the long- range and independent assault on the economic and military infrastructure of the enemy state.

In January the two states finally decided to pool their very large bomber forces in a Combined Offensive against the German economy. Yet its effect was to distort German strategy and economic capability decisively between and This was achieved in three distinct ways.

Bombing provided the key difference between the western Allies and Germany.

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First, why the allies won richard overy forced the German Air Force to divert most of its fighter force to the defence of Germany, and to reduce sharply the proportion of bomber aircraft produced. The effect was to denude the German frontline of much needed bomber and fighter aircraft; by German air power was easily eroded around the periphery of German-controlled Europe, where pilot losses reached exceptionally high levels.

Second, bombing placed a ceiling on the ability of the German- dominated European economy to produce armaments in quantities that matched the vast resource base of the occupied economies. This was achieved why the allies won richard overy direct destruction, the interruption of raw material, transport and energy supplies on a large scale, and the forced dispersal of German industry away from the most threatened centres.

Third, bombing forced Hitler and the German leadership to think of radical ways to combat the threat it posed. Huge resources were diverted to the production of vengeance, or 'V', weapons, which had a very limited impact on Britain when rockets and flying bombs began to fall in the late summer of A gigantic construction project for an underground economy was authorised by Hitler in Organised by Himmler, using camp labour under the most rigorous and deadly why the allies won richard overy, millions of man-hours and billions of marks were spent trying to achieve the impossible.


It played an important part in sustaining domestic morale in Britain and the USA, while its effects on German why the allies won richard overy produced social disruption on a vast scale by late 8 million Germans had fled from the cities to the safer villages and townships.

The use of bombers and fighter-bombers at the frontline helped to ease the path of inexperienced armies that threatened to get bogged down in Normandy and Italy. The debilitating effects on German air power then reduced the contribution German aircraft could make on the Eastern Front, where Soviet air forces vastly outnumbered German.