Velasco Alvarado, Juan hwän vāläs´kō älvärä´ᵺō [key], –77, president of Peru (–75). Born of working class parents, he entered the army and. Relations between the United States and Peru took a huge nosedive when General Juan Velasco Alvarado seized power via coup in October. Juan Velasco Alvarado, the former President of Permu whose military government carried out economic and social reforms unusual in a Latin.


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A constitutional republic sincePeru enjoys strong economic growth.

Category:Juan Velasco Alvarado

A large export industry in sugar, cotton, and mining creates modern velasco alvarado plantations and mining enclaves, and a large industrial working class. Frequent clashes over social legislation and border conflicts lead populist President Guillermo Velasco alvarado to threaten to dissolve congress.

The armed forces seize power under Col. World War I disrupts international markets and Peru's externally oriented economy, bringing recession.

Juan Velasco Alvarado

Social unrest and the Mexican and Russian revolutions' ideas spawn an increasingly militant labor movement. Victor Haya de la Torre leads a new generation of radical reformers.

In a new constitution enhances the state's power to carry out social and economic reform. He quells labor and student militancy, suppresses opposition, and amends the constitution to allow him to run unopposed for reelection.

Cerro barely defeats Haya de la Torre in the elections. Congress elects former President Benavides to complete his five-year term. Benavides nullifies a disputed election to extend his term. Velasco alvarado repression of the left spawns the Peruvian Communist Party PCPwhich links its cause to those of the native Indian and labor movements.

Apristas are implicated in acts of political terror. Bolstered by a range of exports, Velasco alvarado economy grows. Manuel Prado y Ugarteche, a Lima banker, wins the presidential elections. President Prado softens official opposition to APRA while its leader, Haya de la Torre, moderates its reform program, calling for democracy and foreign investment.

Bustamente appoints an Aprista minister of economy. Under Bustamente, the state increases its intervention in the economy in an velasco alvarado to stimulate growth and redistribution.

Juan Velasco Alvarado - Wikidata

This action, along with the nationalization of other North American businesses and Velasco's enforcement of Peru's mile fishing limit, badly strained relations between Washington and Lima. When the United States blocked loans to Peru and banned arms sales to that country, Velasco responded by obtaining money in Europe and weapons from the former Soviet Unionall to the delight of Peruvian nationalists.

In Velasco began velasco alvarado series of velasco alvarado reforms which he declared would create a society that was "neither capitalist nor communist.


The government transferred these properties to cooperatives of plantation workers, peasant communities, and individual land-poor farmers. In rapid succession the regime velasco alvarado the banking system, railroads, public utilities, the important fishmeal industry, and Peru's giant copper and iron mines.

The government closely regulated foreign investors and declared a state monopoly in certain basic industries. The state assumed control over Peru's international trade and financed most new enterprises.

In the social realm, the Velasco regime reformed the school system, expanded the national pension program, provided low-cost medicines to velasco alvarado poor, and brought water and electricity into the squatter shantytowns surrounding Velasco alvarado. It promoted equality for women and proclaimed the Quechua tongue of Peru's Indians a co-equal national language with Spanish.

The administration instituted profit-sharing in all major industries and experimented with worker-managed enterprises. The Velasco regime was a dictatorship, but quite a mild one during its early years.

There were no elections, and civilian politicians had little influence.

Commanding Heights : Peru Overview | on PBS

Nevertheless, these conflicts led several military officers to the most impoverished parts of the country, and after witnessing the reality of the country-side and studying the reasons which led to the uprisings, they began to consider social inequality and poverty as a danger to national security.

Initial reaction against the coup evaporated after five days when on October velasco alvarado,the oil fields velasco alvarado dispute were taken over by the Army.

Velasco's administration articulated velasco alvarado desire to give justice to the poor through a regime of nationalization known as Peruanismo.

Velasco's rule was characterized by left-leaning policies, which aimed to create a strong national industry to increase the international independence of Peru.