KOLLAM: Agriculture Minister Mullakkara Ratnakaran, on Wednesday, will inaugurate a two-day seminar on 'Social reform movements and. This study of the Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam (SNDP Yogam), one of the earliest social reform movements in Kerala, investigates the relationship. Social Reform Movements in Kerala: An Annotated Bibliography of Source Materials Indian Documentation Service, - Social movements - 85 pages.


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Seminar on social reform movements

In the princely states of Kochi and Travancore, the hold of the caste system was even more suffocating. Until the 20th century, governmental positions were denied to lower castes and non-Hindus.

One of the most important social reform movements was spearheaded by Shri Narayana Guru, the great Hindu saint and social reformer.


The Guru was born in in the Ezhava Community which had a social reform movements in kerala far below that of the Nambudiris He fearlessly criticized and campaigned against the rigours of the caste system, the Brahmin hegemony and the numerous social disabilities of the Ezhavas and other lower castes.

Social reform movements in kerala a short period, the Guru and Yogam drew towards them a brilliant band of dedicated workers, including the poet Kumaran Asan, whose efforts constitute an eloquent testimony to what a community, submitted to centuries of tyranny, can do and achieve through unity, realism and organism.

Shri Narayana was, however, no sectarian philosopher and leader.

A programme of action founded upon such sublime humanism and social purpose was not destined to remain confined to one caste only; it soon became the philosophy of Hindu reformation, encompassing all castes, including the Brahmin. The Nairs also felt the need for reform.

Throughout the medieval period and until well into the 19th century, the Nairs had a pre-eminent role in Kerala. By the middle of the 19th century, however, this dominance started waning.


Institutions like the sambandam non-legal marriage and the matrilineal joint family system which had ensured the strength of the Nair community earlier, now became productive of many evils; the system of non-legal marriage produced immorality and vices, while the joint family set-up stifled individual initiative and enterprise.

The impact of the market economy, the disappearance of traditional military training, the absorption of new values through the new system of education, the self-consciousness being generated among the lower castes and their cry social reform movements in kerala equality and privileges - all social reform movements in kerala factors brought about a decline of Nair dominance.

The sense of decline gave an impetus to the spirit of reform that expressed itself in the work of religious men like Chattambi Swamikal, in literature, on the press and platform and later in legislative enactments in respect of marriage, inheritance, property rights, etc. Ultimately, the movements crystallized in the foundation of the Nair Service Society, in The impulse to change was not confined to the Ezhavas and other untouchables and the Nairs only.

  • Kerala reformation movement
  • Socio-Religious Reform Movement

As a matter of fact in varying degrees, it affected every caste in Hindu society as well as the Christians and the Muslims. Vaikom Satyagraha A movement had set on foot to demand admission of the certain sections of the people, the so called "unapproachables" banned from approach into social reform movements in kerala public roads adjacent to the famous temple at Vaikom.

Conservative opposition was trotted out with obstinate determination.

Seminar on social reform movements - KERALA - The Hindu

The feeding of Brahmins inside the temple was regarded as an important offering to the deity, and uninterrupted custom was pleaded by those who opposed the movement. Social reform movements in kerala was contended that if the 'Avarnas' were allowed to come into the approach roads the temple priests would be polluted and the temple consequently defiled.

The forward section resolved to try the methods of 'Satyagraha' and several individuals, a large number of whom being Nayars and other social reform movements in kerala Hindus, organised a "Jatha" to lay their grievance before Maharani Sethu Lakshmi Bai, the Regent of Travancore.

A resolution was moved in the Legislative Council demanding the opening of the temple roads to the 'Avarna' Hindus.


But it was thrown out by a majority of twenty-two against twenty-one votes. Public opinion in the state was so favourable that the government threw open the approach roads to the 'Avarnas'.

Kerala reformation movement - Wikipedia

The course of events in Vaikom led to similar attempts in Suchindram and Thiruvarppu. Guruvayur Satyagraha The famous Guruvayur Satyagraha is a memorable episode in the history of the national movement.

With the blessings of Mahatma Gandhi the Kerala Provincial Congress Committee decided to begin Satyagraha before the famous temple at Guruvayur with effect from 1st November, It was a movement for temple entry and abolition of untouchability. The Satyagraha began social reform movements in kerala under the leadership of Sri.