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Civil Administration in Okinawa-- I.
rebuilding urban japan after 1945 Takayuki Learning from Dairen, Learning from Shinkyo: Tucker Japanese Architectural Culture in the s-- C. Wendelken War and Reconstruction in Japan-- J. As most buildings were of wood, both incendiary and atomic bombs produced vast destruction, turning those cities into even more of a blank slate than bombed European cities.
As in Europe, Japanese recon-struction was surprisingly rapid, but it took on distinctly Japanese forms.
Town planning was, with few exceptions, highly centralized, and planners relied more on land-readjustment schemes and road planning than on dramatic land-use changes, though Japanese planners could look back to precedents for large-scale planning from the s and the occupation of Manchuria.
The critique rebuilding urban japan after 1945 the prewar planning system implicit in the reform efforts and the various shortcomings of the reconstruction efforts detailed in several chapters offer insights into the major planning issues of the time and the thinking of many of the key actors involved.
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Second, by analyzing in detail the approach rebuilding urban japan after 1945 reconstruction, the impacts on Japanese urban governance wrought by occupation reforms, and the outcomes in several case study cities, the volume provides a solid foundation with which to understand and study the postwar development of Japanese urban planning and governance.
The introductory chapter by Carola Hein briefly sets out the context of postwar urban reconstruction, noting that the vast extent of damage and the [End Page ] resulting housing rebuilding urban japan after 1945 and economic decline at the end of the war created pressure for a pragmatic and quick approach to rebuilding rather than ambitious ideas for urban restructuring.
Hein also usefully discusses the inherent challenges of postwar rebuilding and compares the situation in Japan with that in several European countries, suggesting that diverse concepts of rebuilding reflected whether the country was victorious or defeated, and also could be deeply symbolic of national self-image and priorities.
Poland, for instance, rebuilt central Warsaw as it had been by carefully recreating historic elements, while many German cities were rebuilt as a repudiation of Nazi urban ideas and plans. This is followed by an excellent chapter by Ishida Yorifusa that covers three main topics.
Rebuilding Urban Japan After by Yorifusa Ishida
rebuilding urban japan after 1945 First, it sets out the context of city rebuilding efforts in the immediate postwar period: He then provides a brief overview of the politics of central government approaches to reconstruction and finally examines the draft revisions to the Building Act inthe City Planning Act inand the Building Land Act in This detailed examination of draft revisions to planning law is interesting, as it makes clear the sophistication of the planning bureaucrats as well as their relative political weakness, lacking any significant base of support for their ideas.
Ishida argues that the failure to pass these long-discussed reforms was rebuilding urban japan after 1945 major contributor to the later problems in postwar urban management examined in his many other works on planning history.
Next are three thematic chapters on Japanese planning in its prewar colonies and its important impacts on planning ideas during reconstruction David Tuckerthe