Subspecies Psetta maxima maeotica (Pallas, ) accepted as Scophthalmus maeoticus Subspecies Psetta maxima maxima (Linnaeus, ) accepted as. . Electronic version accessed Nov Reference for: Psetta maxima. Description, classification, synonyms, distribution map and images of Psetta maxima - Turbot.


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This crisis caused psetta maxima closure of some farms. From that moment onwards a reorganization of the sector began, which gave rise to a growth both in production and in the number of countries where turbot is farmed. Spain, with its highly suitable oceanographic conditions, is psetta maxima the major producer worldwide but turbot is also currently farmed in Denmark, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Wales UKand Portugal, and was previously reared in the Netherlands.

Scophthalmus maximus, Turbot : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium

The natural distribution of the turbot includes coastal waters of all these countries. Turbot has also been introduced to other regions notably Chile in psetta maxima late s and, more recently, China.

Besides commercial investment in improved facilities or the construction of new farms, other decisive factors have assisted in the consolidation and development of the sector.

These have included the production of dry feeds and the development of vaccines for the most important psetta maxima affecting turbot.

Main producer countries Main producer countries of Psetta maxima FAO Fishery Statistics, Habitat and biology Psetta maxima is a benthic marine species, living psetta maxima sandy and muddy bottoms, from shallow waters to m.


psetta maxima Younger individuals tend to live in shallower areas. Cryptic, imitating the colour of the substrate. Carnivorous, psetta maxima feeding on molluscs and crustaceans, and adults mainly on fish and cephalopods.

Spawning sequenced, every days usually takes place between February and April inclusive in the Mediterranean, and between May and July inclusive in the Atlantic.

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Eggs have a single fat drop. Larvae are initially symmetric, but by the end of metamorphosis day25 mm the right eye has moved to the left, psetta maxima rise to asymmetry. Formerly known as Scophthalmus maximus.

Production Production cycle of Psetta maxima Production systems Seed supply Psetta maxima is a gonochoric species with psetta maxima sexes.


The spawn are obtained by stripping. Females undergo ovulatory cycles with an approximate period of hours.

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The eggs are pelagic and spherical in shape. Egg diameter varies between 0.

Embryonic development psetta maxima days. After hatching, turbot larvae are 2. Hatchery production Larval culture may be semi-intensive or intensive.

The newly hatched larvae feed from their vitelline reserves; mouth opening occurs on day 3.

Scophthalmus maximus (Turbot) (Psetta maxima)

Feeding is based on psetta maxima and Artemia. Phytoplankton is added to the culture medium. Weaning is in round-cornered square tanks with open-circuit pumped seawater. Various commercial feeds are psetta maxima at the weaning stage.

Aeration systems are usually used to maintain the water at oxygen saturation.

A new species of hagfish of the genus Myxine, with notes on other eastern Atlantic myxinids.