Iranian tradition in Tus and the Arab presence in Khurasan. P Pourshariati. 2, Khurāsān and the Crises of Legitimacy: A Comparative Historiographical. Parvaneh Pourshariati of New York University, NY (NYU) with expertise in: History of History, History of Religion and Cultural History. Read 5 publications, and. After serving for14 years at the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Cultures at the Ohio State University, Parvaneh Pourshariati is currently an.


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During the succeeding Sasanian period, Parthian dynastic families continued parvaneh pourshariati rule eastern and much of the northern parts of Iran in an autonomous fashion and played a crucial role in the Sasanian empire.

This dichotomy played itself out in politics, spirituality, and management of the economy and military. Far from parvaneh pourshariati a centralized political entity, the Sasanians owed their continuity to an undeclared confederative structure with Parthian families.

The book details how Parthian families exerted their influence in the military affairs of the Sasanian Empire, and the part that these families played in the Byzantine-Persian wars of CE and the Arab parvaneh pourshariati of Iran.


In certain periods, this influence became a source of factional parvaneh pourshariati among Parthian families, as well as between the Parthians and Sasanians. The Sasanian treatment of certain Parthian families gradually brewed discontent among the Parthian nobility.

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Pourshariati highlights two seminal developments as playing a crucial role in bringing the parvaneh pourshariati to its teetering point: The book then demonstrates how targeting Parthian families followed by three decades of Byzantine-Persian wars drained the Persian Empire and its once mighty armed forces.

This was in addition to the worsening discord between parvaneh pourshariati Pahlav Parthian and Parsig Sasanian families.

Parvaneh Pourshariati (Author of Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire)

The discord took such dimensions that the empire experienced major revolts against the ruling Sasanian monarchy, leading to the accession of three Parthian parvaneh pourshariati to the Parvaneh pourshariati throne in the course of the late sixth and early seventh centuries.

The book traces the dynamics behind major episodes of the Arab conquest of Iran; these are sections of the book that read like a suspense thriller as the author re-constructs Arab and Persian army commanders, their negotiations, military strategies, as well as their defeat and victories, culminating in the chase and subsequent murder of the last Sasanian king Yazdgird III in AD.

Then came the Arab invasion.

Based on new discoveries parvaneh pourshariati the book, it parvaneh pourshariati out that the Arab armies did not in fact intend to overthrow the Sasanians, much less colonize Iran.

Rather, as Pourshariati argues, the Sasanian collapse was a mere by-product of the Arab invasion.

Having realized the Persian weakness, the Arabs attacked. Tapping into factional disputes among the Parvaneh pourshariati and Parsig families, the Arabs shrewdly achieved their key aim: Their tactics were crucial in the battles of Nihavand and Rayy, for example, where the Arabs successfully took advantage of existing factionalism in the Parvaneh pourshariati ranks.

On the face of it, the collapse of the Sasanians - given their strength and imperial power in the earlier part of the century - looks startling and inexplicable.


But Professor Pourshariati explains their fall in terms of an earlier corrosion parvaneh pourshariati decline, and as a result of their own internal weaknesses. The decentralised dynastic system of the Sasanian empire, whose backbone was a Sasanian-Parthian alliance, contained parvaneh pourshariati seeds of its own destruction.