Abstract. Spotted sand bass, Paralabrax maculatofasciatus, were collected from Bahia de Los Angeles, Baja California, Mexico covering as wide a size range as. Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. . FishBase. Paralabrax maculatofasciatus (Steindachner, ). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at. Common names: sand-bass (English), cabrilla (Espanol) Paralabrax maculatofasciatus (Steindachner, ) Spotted sand-bass. Body moderately elongate.


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This separation level may date paralabrax maculatofasciatus a hypothesized seaway closure near La Paz, Mexico, during the mid-Pleistocene, and characterizes other fish populations.

A second pattern of deeper allopatric species-level divergences in paralabrax maculatofasciatus other fishes may date to a Pliocene closure of a mid Baja Penninsular seaway.

Bulletin, Southern California Academy of Sciences

Significant differences also were discerned in P. The southern portion of the bay experiences hypersaline conditions and higher temperatures due to shallow waters and residence times of over 30 days, whereas the northern portion of the bay is driven by semi-diurnal tides and extensive dredging for maritime purposes Largier, The area surrounding paralabrax maculatofasciatus bay has been built out by development, and paralabrax maculatofasciatus numerous shipyards, military installations, industrial production areas e.

Prior to the implementation of the Clean Water Act, waste discharges were released paralabrax maculatofasciatus to the bay, without treatment, from factories, power stations, industrial plants, and shipbuilding operations Terzich, These untreated discharges resulted in anoxic conditions, particularly in areas of the inner bay with high residence times California.

While waste discharges to San Diego Bay have largely ceased or receive paralabrax maculatofasciatus pursuant to environmental regulation, legacy pollutants remain in San Diego Bay sediments, including polychlorinated biphenyls PCBspolynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons PAHspesticides, and metals Fairey et al.

Although protected from commercial fishing, the spotted sand bass is subject to fishing pressure from recreational and subsistence fisheries within San Diego Bay. While the subsistence fishery for San Paralabrax maculatofasciatus Bay does not exclusively target a species SDCDHS,the recreational fishery is largely species specific and focused on capture and release for sport Leet et al.

Use and Trade [top] Use and Trade: This species is an important game fish caught in bays and harbors Heemstra,and it is also taken as bycatch in shrimp fisheries in the Gulf of California.

Human uses

Threats [top] Major Threat s: There are no major threats known for this species. New York, New York.


Google Scholar Cailliet, G. Age determination and paralabrax maculatofasciatus studies of marine fishes: Accuracy, precision and quality control in age determination, including a review of the use and abuse of age validation methods.

A statistical method of evaluating the reproducibility paralabrax maculatofasciatus age determination.

WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species

Google Scholar Ferry, L. Google Scholar Hastings, P. Protogynous hermaphroditism in Paralabrax maculatofasciatus Pisces: Reproductive patterns of six populations of the spotted sand bass, Paralabrax maculatofasciatus, from paralabrax maculatofasciatus and Baja California.

Aspects of the life histories of the kelp bass, Paralabrax paralabrax maculatofasciatus, and barred sand bass, P.