"As entertaining as it is contemporary writers have Weatherford's talent for making the deep sweep of history seem vital and immediate.". Indian Givers: How the Indians of the Americas Transformed the World Jack Weatherford explains how the peoples of the Americas have been forgotten for. Few contemporary writers have Weatherford's talent for making the deep explored in all its vivid drama by anthropologist Jack Weatherford.


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Indian Givers: How the Indians of the Americas Transformed the World - Wikipedia

They indian givers jack weatherford figured out how to use many plants to make medicines, deal with injury, and for other uses, such as making rubber. Indigenous pharmacology was the most advanced in the world, with alkaloids such as quinine well known by Native South Americans ahead of Europeans or other nations.


Mind-altering and addictive drugs were heavily regulated by the various societies, being used only for religious purposes. Finally, the author wonders what has been lost, and gives a brief overview of how the Europeans were so able to conquer the equally advanced civilizations they indian givers jack weatherford on the American continents.

Indian Givers

These include democratic institutions, modern medicine, agriculture, architecture, and ecology. Imagine if you will Italian or Greek food without its tomatoes or the Irish without their potatoes.

Chilies, chocolate, corn, beans, squashes, the list goes on. Not to mention the wealth of gold and silver that was taken from the Americas by the Europeans. My commentary below apart from the book.


Even though much was given. So much more was taken.

Over treaties were made with the Indians of the Americas—and more than broken. Indian givers jack weatherford moves from mining to an illustration of how efforts to exploit fur trapped by Canadian Indians led indian givers jack weatherford development of the corporate indian givers jack weatherford that grew into a world trading system.

He covers the contributions of New World Indians to the world's food supply--effective farming methods as well as plant species that, beyond doubt, revolutionized world agriculture and provided more than half of what the world eats today.

He explores what Indian knowledge added to the world's ability to cure its illnesses. He deals with what Indian America added to architecture and urban planning, to navigation and even to world political philosophy.

Weatherford notes that political thinkers from Montaigne to Thoreau were influenced by the high values they saw placed on personal liberty and individualism that they observed in Indian cultures.

Indian Givers: How the Indians of the Americas Transformed the World

My own observations, based on growing up with Potawatomi and Seminoles in Oklahoma and more than 30 years indian givers jack weatherford nosing around Hopi, Zuni and Navajo country doing the modest sort of research that my mystery novels require, convince me that Weatherford is right.

I watch Hopis grow corn in drift sand in a climate where I, a product of the Future Farmers of Indian givers jack weatherford, wouldn't dream of trying to grow it.

I see an Acoma man jogging along a reservation road and learn from his great-granddaughter that he is I hear a Navajo relate one's wealth to the songs one knows.

Perhaps such personal anecdotes prove little.