The impact of cycles of freezing and thawing on the durability of concrete was examined by replacing CEM II/A-L with GGBS at 30%, 50%. Therefore is an urgent need to reduce the usage of cement. Ground Granulated Blast furnace Slag (GGBS) is a by-product from steel industry. It has good. Advantages Of GGBS In Concrete. Ground granulated blastfurnace slag (GGBS) is a hydraulic binder, i.e. a cement, which has been known and used for


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Other minor components which can form during progressive crystallization are beliteggbs cementrankinitewollastonite and forsterite. Minor amounts of reduced sulphur are commonly encountered as oldhamite.

GGBS has been widely used in Europe, and increasingly in the United States and in Asia particularly in Japan and Singapore for its superiority in concrete durability, extending the lifespan of buildings from fifty years to a hundred years.

Concrete made ggbs cement GGBS cement sets more slowly than concrete made with ordinary Portland cement, depending on the amount of GGBS in the cementitious material, but also continues to gain strength over a longer period in production conditions.

Eco-friendly GGBS Concrete: A State-of-The-Art Review

This results in lower heat of hydration and lower temperature rises, and makes avoiding cold joints easier, but may also affect construction schedules where quick setting ggbs cement required.

Use of GGBS significantly reduces the risk of damages caused by alkali—silica reaction ASRprovides higher resistance to chloride ingress ggbs cement reducing the risk of reinforcement corrosion — and provides higher resistance to attacks by sulfate and other chemicals.


The normal ratios of aggregates and water to cementitious material in the mix remain unchanged. GGBS is used as a direct replacement for Portland cement, on a one-to-one basis by weight. This standard establishes two categories of additions to concrete along with ordinary Portland cement: GGBS cement falls in the latter category.

It ggbs cement used ggbs cement as per mix ratio. Architectural and engineering benefits[ edit ] Durability[ edit ] GGBS cement is routinely specified in concrete to provide protection against both sulphate attack and chloride attack.

Concrete: Cement Substitutes

Concrete is degraded ggbs cement cycles of freezing and thawing. All concrete mixtures were controlled to have a similar slump by using a dosage of superplasticiser. Concrete was assessed for water absorption, tensile strength, loss of compressive strength and loss of mass.

The level of compressive strength of concrete samples not aerated and aerated subjected to freezing and thawing, control samples and samples after days of ripening in curing tank water is significant.

The air ggbs cement structure of the concrete was studied using the Air Void Analyser, which determined whether the differences in the composition of concrete mix would influence the concrete durability with a cycle of freezing and thawing.

The results indicate that all concrete mixes with air entrainment showed better freezing ggbs cement thawing resistance than without air entrainment. Background to the project Digital device for freezing concrete cube The durability of concrete is assessed by measuring its resistance to three destructive influences within a specified time.

Eco-friendly GGBS Concrete: A State-of-The-Art Review - IOPscience

ggbs cement In the future, as coal-burning power stations are phased out, PFA will gradually become unavailable. In the blast furnace, slag floats to the top of ggbs cement iron and removed. GGBS is produced through quenching the molten slag in water and then grinding it into a fine powder.


Chemically it is similar to, but less reactive than, Portland cement Pc. When mixed with water it ggbs cement hydrate in a similar way to Portland cement. Ggbs cement made with GGBS cement sets more slowly than concrete made with ordinary Portland cement, depending on the amount of GGBS in the cement mix, but also continues to gain strength over a longer period leading to improved overall durability and life expectancy.