Home» Polity» Fundamental Duties in Indian Constitution. The Fundamental Duties enshrined in Part IVA of the Indian Constitution (Article. The 42nd Amendment Act, added a Chapter IV-A which consist of only one Article A which dealt with a Code of Ten Fundamental Duties for citizens. Rights and Duties are inseparable. They are two sides of a same coin. So as we have Fundamental Rights that we can enjoy there are also.


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In a Judgement the Supreme Fundamental duties held that no person can be forced to join the singing of the National Anthem, if he has genuine religious obligations which place religious belief above the patriotism. It acts as a constant reminder that rights fundamental duties duties go hand in hand.

  • Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties of India - Wikipedia
  • Fundamental Duties
  • Fundamental Duties : Part IVA (Article 51A)
  • Fundamental Duties- Introduction
  • Fundamental Duties

Fundamental duties Fundamental Duties fundamental duties laid down to draw the attention of the citizens towards the duties they owe towards their Motherland. Writings, speeches, gestures, activities, exercise, drills, etc.

Imputations and assertions prejudicial to the national integration constitute a punishable offence under Section B of the IPC.

Fundamental Duties- Introduction | Mitras IAS

A Communal organization can be declared unlawful association under the provisions of Unlawful Activities Prevention Act Sections 3 and 3A of the Representation of People Act, declares that soliciting of vote on the ground of religion and the promotion or attempt to promote feelings of enmity or hatred between different classes of citizens of India on fundamental duties grounds of religion, race, caste, community or language fundamental duties a corrupt practice.

It was on this Soviet model that fundamental duties were added to the Indian Constitution by 42nd amendment of the constitution in Swarn Singh Committee Report The committee on constitutional amendments by the President of the Indian National Congress, popularly known as the Swaran Singh committee from the name of the chairman, reportedly felt that a chapter on fundamental duties for the citizen should be included along with the existing fundamental rights in the constitution.

The reasoning behind this thought was fairly clear. It is embodied in Articles 14—16, which collectively encompass the general principles of equality before law and non-discrimination, [34] and Articles 17—18 which fundamental duties encompass further the philosophy of social equality.

Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties of India

This right can be enforced against the State as well as private fundamental duties, with regard to free access to places of public entertainment or places of public resort fundamental duties partly or wholly out of State funds.

This exception has been provided since the classes of people mentioned therein are considered deprived and in need of special protection.


It creates exceptions for the implementation of measures of affirmative action for fundamental duties benefit of any backward class of citizens in order to ensure adequate representation in public service, as well as reservation of an office of any religious institution for a person professing that particular religion.

Thus, Indian aristocratic titles and title of nobility conferred by the British have been abolished. However, awards such as the Bharat Ratna have been held to be valid by the Supreme Court on fundamental duties ground that they are merely decorations and cannot fundamental duties used by the recipient as a title.

Article 19 guarantees fundamental duties freedoms in the nature of civil rights, which are available only to fundamental duties of India. The 11 fundamental duties of India are as follows: To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.

To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.


To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India. To defend the country fundamental duties render national service when called upon to do so.

To promote harmony fundamental duties the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.

To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture. To fundamental duties and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures.