French Constitution of 3 September . The National Assembly, wishing to establish the French constitution upon the principles French Constitution. · Title I. Fundamental · Title III. Of the Public. September 3, HistoryWiz Primary Source. [Preamble]. The National Assembly, wishing to establish the French Constitution upon the principles it has. Constitution of Constitution of , French constitution created by the National Assembly during the French Revolution. It retained the monarchy, but sovereignty effectively resided in the Legislative Assembly, which was elected by a system of indirect voting. The constitution lasted less than a year.
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Property being a sacred and inviolable right, no one can be deprived of it, unless a legally established public necessity evidently demands it, under the condition of a just and prior indemnity.
There is no french constitution of 1791 either sale or inheritance of any public office.
There is no longer for any part of the nation nor for any individual any privilege or exception to the law that is common to all Frenchmen. There are no longer jurandes, nor corporations of professions, arts, and crafts.
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- French Constitution of 1791
The law no longer recognizes religious vows, nor any other obligation which may be contrary to natural rights or to the constitution. Fundamental Provisions Recognized by the Constitution.
That all the citizens are eligible to offices and employments, without any other distinction than that of virtue and talent; That all the taxes shall be equally apportioned among all the citizens in proportion to their means; That like offences shall be punished by like penalties, without any distinction of persons.
The constitution likewise guarantees as natural and civil rights: Liberty to every man to move about, to remain, and to depart without liability to arrest or detention, except according to the forms determined french constitution of 1791 the constitution; Liberty to every man to speak, to write, to print and publish his ideas without having his writings subjected to any censorship or inspection before their publication, and to french constitution of 1791 the religious worship to which he is attached; Liberty to the citizens to meet peaceably and without arms, in obedience to the police laws; Liberty to address individually signed petitions french constitution of 1791 the constituted authorities.
The Constitution of
The legislative power cannot make any law that attacks and impedes the exercise of the natural and civil rights contained in the present title and guaranteed by the constitution but as liberty consists only in the power to do anything that is not injurious to the rights of others or to the public security, the french constitution of 1791 can establish penalties against acts which, in attacking the public security or the rights of others, may be injurious to society.
The constitution guarantees the inviolability of property or a french constitution of 1791 and prior indemnity for that of which a legally established public necessity may demand the sacrifice.
Property intended for the expenses of worship and for all services of public utility belongs to the nation and is at all times at its disposal.
The constitution guarantees the alienations that have been or that shall be made under the forms established by law.
The citizens have the right to elect or choose the ministers of their religious french constitution of 1791. There shall be created and organized a general establishment of public relief in order to bring up abandoned children, relieve infirm paupers, and provide work for the able-bodied poor who may not have been able to obtain it for themselves.
There shall be created and organized a system of public instruction, common to all citizens, gratuitous as regards the parts of education indispensable french constitution of 1791 all men, and whose establishments shall be gradually distributed in accordance with the division of the kingdom.
A code of civil laws common to all the kingdom shall be made. Of the Division of the Kingdom and of the Condition of the Citizens. The kingdom is one and indivisible; its territory is divided into eighty-three departments, each department into districts, each district into cantons.
Those who are born in France of a French father; Those who, born in France of a foreign father, have fixed their residence in the kingdom; Those who, born in a foreign country of a French father, have become established in France and have taken the civic oath; Lastly, those who, born in a foreign country and descended in any degree whatsoever from a French man or a French woman expatriated on account of religion, may come to live in France and take the civic oath.
Those residing in France, who were born outside of the kingdom from foreign parents, become French citizens after five years of continued domicile in the kingdom, if they have in addition acquired real estate, or married a French woman, or formed an agricultural or commercial establishment, and have taken the civic oath.
The legislative power shall be able, for important considerations, to give to a foreigner a certificate of naturalization, without other conditions than the fixing of his domicile in France and the taking of the civic oath.
The civic oath is: I swear to be faithful to the nation, the law, and the king, and to maintain with all my power the constitution of the kingdom decreed by the National Constituent Assembly in the years, and The title to French citizenship is lost: By naturalization in a foreign country; By condemnation to the penalties which involve civic degradation, as long as the condemned is not rehabilitated; By a judgment of contempt of court, as long as the judgment is not annulled; By affiliation with any foreign order of knighthood, or with any foreign organization which would imply proofs of nobility or distinctions of birth, or which would demand religious vows.
The law considers marriage as only a civil contract. The legislative power shall establish for all inhabitants, without distinction, the manner in which births, marriages, and deaths shall be recorded, and it shall designate the public officers who shall receive and preserve the records therof.
Constitution of 1791
French citizens, considered in their local relations arising from their union into cities and into certain districts of rural territory, form communes. The legislative power shall fix the extent of the district of each commune. The citizens who compose each commune have the right to elect at stated times and according to the forms fixed by law those among french constitution of 1791, who, under the title of municipal officers, are charged with carrying on the particular affairs french constitution of 1791 the commune.
Some functions related to the interests of the state may be delegated to the municipal officers.
The regulations which the municipal officers shall be required to follow in the exercise of their municipal functions, as well french constitution of 1791 those which have been delegated to them for the general interest, shall be fixed by the laws.
Of the Public Powers.