FLUTD in cats - Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease or FLUTD is a term used to describe a collection of conditions which can affect the bladder and/or urethra. Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) is commonly seen in cats, and it has many different causes. FLUTD isn't a specific disease itself, but. Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) describes a variety of conditions that affect the bladder and urethra of cats. Cats with FLUTD most often show signs of difficulty and pain when urinating, increased frequency of urination, and blood in the urine.


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Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)

Your vet may obtain a urine sample by placing a very fine needle directly into the bladder a technique called 'cystocentesis'. This is flutd in cats good way of obtaining a urine sample because it should not be contaminated with bacteria from elsewhere.

This is an easy procedure and most flutd in cats do not even notice when it is done.


This is helpful for diagnosing them early. If you are unsure, please discuss this with your veterinarian. If the flutd in cats tract is completely obstructed blockedyour cat may: What should you do if your cat is showing signs of infection?

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Even if your cat is showing just one of flutd in cats signs mentioned above please do not hesitate to call our healthcare team to discuss your concerns. Depending on your observations we may suggest further monitoring at home or an immediate check-up with your veterinarian.

The urine concentration is assessed alongside checking for bacteria, blood, protein or crystals. A blood sample may be taken, especially in cats with suspected urethral blockage.

This is to assess kidney function and blood salt electrolyte concentration. In addition some cats can have alterations in blood calcium levels which could predispose to stone formation.

This can be used to check for any signs of a tumour or stones in the flutd in cats. The bladder wall thickness can also be assessed.

Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) | International Cat Care

Flutd in cats bladder or urethral stones uroliths can be visible on an X-ray of the abdomen. In general FLUTD is a painful condition and therefore in all cases pain relief is normally administered.

A short summary of possible treatments for each cause is given below. Urolithiasis If bladder stones are causing clinical signs they may need to be removed.

Feeding the Cat With FLUTD | News at Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts

Some types of stones e. Others are normally removed surgically. If a urethral stone is present and causing blockage then additional, emergency treatment is required.

Structural defects Often surgery is required to correct structural defects. The scale ranges from 0 to 14, with 7 as neutral, less than 7 indicating acidity and greater than 7 indicating alkaline. flutd in cats


Many things can influence whether a diet results in a more acidic flutd in cats alkaline urine. For flutd in cats, using more animal-based protein can help to promote acidic urine, whereas grains can promote a more alkaline urine.

However, it is very common for companies to use a urinary acidifier such as DL-methionine in pet foods to achieve the desired resulting urinary pH because methionine is one of the essential amino acids that cats require.

Struvite stones can be managed by keeping urinary pH of cats acidic, so many diets aim for a urinary pH less than 6.

Other factors that affect pH levels include medications, vomiting, stress and the timing of meals.