When expressing the beliefs of his church, the Orthodox theologian, rather than . For most of the Greek Fathers, it was not the Trinity that needed theological. Eastern Orthodox Theology common teaching of the Orthodox theologians. As a matter of fact, on every doctrine that is controverted between the two churches. Introducing Eastern Orthodox Theology [Andrew Louth] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. With an estimated million adherents, the.


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The Doctrine of the Orthodox Church: The Basic Doctrines

For most of the Greek Fathers, it was not the Trinity that needed theological proof but rather God's essential unity. The Cappadocian Fathers Gregory of Nyssa, Gregory of Nazianzus, and Basil of Caesarea were even accused of being tri-theists because of the personalistic emphasis of their conception of God as one essence in three hypostases the Greek term hypostasis was the eastern orthodox theology of the Latin eastern orthodox theology and designated a concrete reality.

For Greek theologians, this terminology was intended to designate eastern orthodox theology concrete New Testamental revelation of the Son and the Spirit, as distinct from the Father.

Modern Orthodox theologians tend to emphasize this personalistic approach to God; they claim that they discover in it the original biblical personalism, unadulterated in its content by later philosophical speculation. Polarization of the Eastern and the Western concepts of the Trinity is at the root of the Filioque dispute.

By affirming that the Holy Spirit proceeds not only "from the Father" as the original creed proclaimed but also "from the Son," the Spanish councils intended to condemn Arianism by reaffirming the Son's divinity.

Later, however, the addition became an anti-Greek battle cry, especially after Charlemagne 9th century made his claim to rule the revived Roman Empire. The addition was finally accepted eastern orthodox theology Rome under German eastern orthodox theology.

It found justification in the framework of Western conceptions of the Trinity; the Father and the Son were viewed as one God in the act of "spiration" of the Spirit.

The Byzantine theologians opposed the addition, first on the ground that the Western Church had no right to change the text of an ecumenical creed unilaterally and, second, because the Filioque clause implied the reduction of the divine persons to mere relations "the Father and the Son are two in relation to each other, but one in relation to the Spirit".

For the Greeks the Father alone is the origin of both the Son and the Spirit.

Eastern Orthodox Church - Wikipedia

Patriarch Photius 9th century was the first Orthodox theologian to explicitly spell out the Greek opposition to the Filioque concept, but the debate continued throughout the Middle Ages.

This conception of God is connected with the personalistic understanding of the Trinity. It also led to the official confirmation by eastern orthodox theology Orthodox Church of the theology of St.

Gregory Palamas, the leader of Byzantine hesychasts monks devoted to divine quietness eastern orthodox theology prayerat the councils of and in Eastern orthodox theology. The councils confirmed a real distinction in God, between the unknowable essence and the acts, or "energies," which make possible a real communion with God.


The deification of man, realized in Christ once and for all, is thus accomplished by a communion of divine energy with humanity in Christ's glorified manhood.

Far from being monolithic, Byzantine theological thought was often polarized by a Humanistic eastern orthodox theology, favouring the use of Greek philosophy in theological thinking, and the more austere and mystical theology of the monastic circles.

The concern for preservation of Greek culture and for the the political salvation of the empire eastern orthodox theology several prominent Humanists to adopt a position favourable to union with the West.

For this reason, the eastern eastern orthodox theology were sometimes identified as "Greek" in contrast to the "Roman" or "Latin" church, which used a Latin eastern orthodox theology of the Bibleeven before the great schism. After"Greek Orthodox" or "Greek Catholic" marked a church as being in communion with Constantinople, much as "Catholic" did for communion with Rome.

Eastern Orthodox theology - Wikipedia

This identification with Greek, however, became increasingly confusing with time. Missionaries eastern orthodox theology Orthodoxy to many regions without ethnic Greeks, where the Greek language was not spoken. In addition, struggles between Rome and Constantinople to control parts of southeastern Europe resulted in the conversion of some churches to Rome, which then also used "Greek Catholic" eastern orthodox theology indicate their continued use of the Byzantine rites.

  • History of Eastern Orthodox theology - Wikipedia
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Today, many of those same churches remain, while a very large number of Orthodox are not of Greek national origin, and do not use Greek as the language of worship. While the Church continues officially to call itself "Catholic", for reasons of universality, the common title of "Eastern Orthodox Church" avoids casual confusion with the Catholic Church.

Orthodoxy[ edit ] Emperor Constantine presents a representation of the city of Constantinople as tribute to an enthroned Mary and baby Jesus in this church mosaic. Hagia Sophiac. The first known use of the phrase "the catholic church" he katholike ekklesia occurred in a letter written about AD from one Greek church to another Saint Ignatius of Antioch to the Smyrnaeans The letter states: A number of other Christian churches also make a similar claim: In the Eastern Orthodox view, the Assyrians and Orientals left the Orthodox Church in the years following the Third Ecumenical Council of Ephesus and the Fourth Ecumenical Council of Chalcedonrespectively, in their refusal to accept those councils' Christological definitions.

Similarly, the churches in Rome and Constantinople separated in an event known as the East—West Schismtraditionally dated to the yearalthough eastern orthodox theology was more a gradual process than a sudden break.

Whenever theology seeks to express the nature of Divinity, it deals mainly in words that describe and modify; whether affirmatively, stating what God is perceived to be, or negatively, by what the theologians call the apophatic method, which attempts to say what God is by affirming the things He is not.

The Main Terms So it is with the nature of the Church; the Councils expressed the essential "marks" of the Church, as the Body of Christ, in terms of its divine nature, hence by adjectives. But one of the things we eastern orthodox theology discovered in the modern ecumenical encounter is that not all groups share this understanding of the Church's nature.