AMOS TUTUOLA PALM WINE DRINKARD PDF

The Palm-wine Drinkard and His Dead Palm-wine Tapster in the Dead's Town Summary & Study Guide. Amos Tutuola. This Study Guide consists of. When Amos Tutuola's first novel, The Palm-Wine Drinkard, appeared in , it aroused exceptional worldwide interest. Drawing on the West. When Amos Tutuola's first novel, The Palm-Wine Drinkard, appeared in , it aroused exceptional worldwide interest. Drawing on the West African Yoruba.


AMOS TUTUOLA PALM WINE DRINKARD PDF

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AMOS TUTUOLA PALM WINE DRINKARD PDF


Driven from town because of this insatiable child, they wander into the bush, where they meet three persons named Drum, Dance, and Song.

Full text of "The Palm Wine Drinkard And My Life In The Bush Of Ghosts Amos Tutuola"

A landmark work, it was the first novel to be published by a Nigerian author, and also the first novel by a black African to be written in English. The amos tutuola palm wine drinkard is classified as a novel, but there has been some debate about whether this designation is accurate, since The Palm-Wine Drinkard incorporates so much oral tradition.

Indeed, this novel has provided many with their first glimpse into Yoruba folklore. The Palm-Wine Drinkard draws heavily on traditional folktales, which has been another amos tutuola palm wine drinkard of controversy, prompting some to claim that the work plagiarizes the intellectual property of the Yoruba people.

In fact, Tutuola, who was Yoruba himself, acknowledged his debt, in particular to an old man who told him tales on Sundays over tumblers of palm wine. Although The Palm-Wine Drinkard brought him international acclaim, Tutuola afterward remained a literary outsider, preferring to spend his time with blacksmiths and other working-class men rather than with writers and intellectuals.

He continued his literary career, completing five more novels before his death inbut none of them received the international notoriety gained by his first published work. This entry therefore focuses on the elements of traditional Yoruba culture that have persisted through time, as well as on the history of change in Yorubaland that led to the writing of The Palm-Wine Drinkard in the English language.

The Yoruba people In Yoruba lore, the god Obatala descended on a golden chain from the heavens—ruled by Amos tutuola palm wine drinkard, the supreme deity—to an earth that was covered with water. Obatala scattered grains of sand on the water that formed solid earth, and he named this first place Ife, which became the original Yoruba city.

The Palm-Wine Drinkard Summary

In the new ground he planted a palm nut that brought forth palm trees, the first vegetation. Orunmila then formed human beings out of clay.

While working, he drank palm wine—an alcoholic beverage fermented from the sap of palm trees—so a few of these beings came out misshapen, with crooked backs, crippled limbs, and other deformities.

The new humans were the Yoruba people, and Ife became their cultural center. Yorubaland extends from the Atlantic coast, amos tutuola palm wine drinkard navigable rivers crisscross swamps and marshy forests, to more temperate amos tutuola palm wine drinkard of the inland regions that gradually give way to savanna grasslands speckled with trees.

The Yoruba have always been an urban people. These roads stretched past the farms, into the bush, until they merged with roads leading into the centers of other towns. In the middle of a town, amos tutuola palm wine drinkard all the roads converged, sat the palace of the ruler, or oba.

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Each of the towns was ruled amos tutuola palm wine drinkard an oba, who might owe allegiance to the oba of a mightier town or command the allegiance of subordinate obas. All obas ultimately deferred to the Oni of Ife, who was considered the paramount oba.

Yoruba belief Olodumare, the supreme Yoruba deity, is served by many lesser deities known collectively and singularly as orisa.

AMOS TUTUOLA PALM WINE DRINKARD PDF

The orisa are numerous; estimations of their number range from to 1, Some orisa, like Faithful-Mother in The Amos tutuola palm wine drinkard Drinkard, are connected to specific sites—certain rivers, trees, or hills—and are worshipped only by the inhabitants of a single town.

Others are more widely worshipped, like Ogun, the orisa of iron and war, or Sango, the orisa of thunder and rain. The orisa both punish and reward human beings and are amenable to sacrifice.

Like the gods of Greece and Rome, the orisa are flawed and sometimes fail, the way the drunken crafter of some of the Yoruba people did, to perform their duty.